officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state
in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a
population of over 1.38 billion. The PRC is a one-party state governed
by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city
of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces; five
autonomous regions; four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing,
Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing); two mostly self-governing special
administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau); and claims sovereignty
China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and
the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical
forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian
Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The
Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world,
run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard.
China is a cradle of civilization, with its known history beginning
with an ancient civilization – one of the world's earliest – that
flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China
to enlarge it.
Click on year
number to see all Paleontology and
Paleoanthropology related stamps issued in the year.
||01.04.1959 "Museum of Natural
||01.12.1962 "Scientists of
Ancient China" 
International Union for Quaternary Research "
and Technological Achievements" 
||09.11.2002 "Museums of China" 
 The stamp of Dinosaur is the first dinosaur stamp ever
 Two stamps with face value of
10f are dedicated to Shen Kua
(1031-1095). Shen Kuo devised a geological hypothesis for land
formation (geomorphology), based upon findings of inland marine fossils
knowledge of soil erosion, and the deposition of silt. He also proposed
a hypothesis of gradual climate change, after observing ancient petrified bamboos
that were preserved underground in a dry northern habitat that would
not support bamboo growth in his time. More info is on Wikipedia.
Fossil of Anomalocaris
depicted on one of the stamp. Anomalocaris is thought to have been a
predator. It propelled itself through the water by undulating the
flexible lobes on the sides of its body. Each lobe sloped below the one
more posterior to it, and this overlapping allowed the lobes on each
side of the body to act as a single "fin", maximizing the swimming
efficiency. The construction of a remote-controlled model showed this
mode of swimming to be intrinsically stable, implying that Anomalocaris
would not have needed a complex brain to manage balance while swimming.
The body was widest between the third and fifth lobe and narrowed
towards the tail; it had at least 11 lobes in total. It is difficult to
distinguish lobes near the tail, making an accurate count difficult.
More info is on Wikipedia.
On of the stamps shows building of The Tianjin Natural History Museum
The museum located at the west end of the Machang Road, was
set up in 1914 by a French missionary and opened in 1927, with the
previous name as Beijiang Museum. It got the present name in 1957. The
museum is specialized in collections of paleontology
and paleo-anthropology fossils
Specimens total 380,000, and the key collections show the paleontology
group in the late period of Chinese Cenozoic Era, including fossils of
ancient mammals excavated from the Yushe Basin of Shanxi Province, the
Qingyang Basin of Gansu Province, the Yang Yuanni Basin of Hebei
Province and the Inner Mongolia - the abundance of paleontology groups
of the four places are rare worldwide, which are important References
for researches on the evolvement of amniotes. The museum features four
basic displays of Animal, Paleontology, Plants and Paleo-anthropology
fossils, containing ancient reptiles and mammals, animal ecology,
insects and aquatic organisms.
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