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China 1958 "Chinese Paleontology"

Issue Date 15.04.1958
ID Michel:  369-371 Scott: 341-343 Stanley Gibbons: 1746-1748 Yvert: 1127-1129  UPU:  N/A  Category: pF
Author Stamps Designer: Wu Jiankun ,
FDC Designer::  Zhonghan XIA 
Engraver: Kong Shaohui
Stamps in set 3
Value 4 fen Trilobite of Haoli Mountain - Kaolishania pustulosa (Paleozoic)
8 fen Dinosaur in Lu Feng -  Lufengosaurus huenei(Mesozoic)
16 fen Chinesis great dear - Sinomegaceros pachosteus(Cenozoic)
Size (width x height) 23mm x 28.5mm, FDC size: 177x115mm
Layout Sheet of 99 stamps (11x9)
Products FDC  x1
Paper
Perforation 14
Print Technique Engraving and photogravure
Printed by China Modern Times Printing Works
Quantity  FDC quantity is 1000 pieces only
Issuing Authority

Lufengosaurus, Trilobite, giant Deer on Chinese Paleontology stamps of China 1958 stamps

 
The set is the first stamp set depicted dinosaur, issued in  China, on 15.4.1958. The set of 3 stamps shows Lufengosaurus, a trilobite and the giant deer of China.

Lufengosaurus, meaning Lufeng lizard, is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Early and Middle Jurassic Period of what is now southwestern China. It was named by C. C. Young in 1941. The type species, Lufengosaurus huenei, was discovered in the Lower Lufeng Formation of the Yunnan Province in China. Young described and named a second species a few years later. This is one of the few prosauropod dinosaurs to survive from the Early Jurassic  eras.

china stamp dinosaur Lufengosaurus

china fossil dinosaur Lufengosaurus

Lufengosaurus was about 20 feet long. It had long hind limbs and shorter forelimbs. It was most likely bipedal at least part of the time, especially when foraging for food. It was a herbivore, although it had very sharp claws and teeth. There are some claims that this may have been a possible omnivore based on its claws on teeth. However, the sharp teeth seen in Lufengosaurus are similar to the teeth seen in herbivorous lizards of today, such as the iguana. The claws of the dinosaur may have been used solely for defense or possibly for raking foliage from the trees. Lufengosaurus became the first complete dinosaur skeleton to be mounted in China and displayed in Beijing. A commemorative postage stamp was issued in 1958 to celebrate the event.

Another two stamps depicted Kaolishania pustulosa, trilobite  from Paleozoic,  found in Haoli Mountain of China  and  Chinesis great dear - Sinomegaceros pachosteus who lived in Cenazoic epoch.
china stamp 1958 Kaolishania pustulosa trilobite Kaolishania pustulosa trilobite
Kaolishania pustulosa - trilobite from Paleozoic era, found in  Haoli Mountain  ofChina
china stamp 1958 Giant deer Sinomegaceros pachosteus
Giant deer with palmate brow tines were placed either in a single genus, or those from west Eurasia were placed in Megaloceros and those from the east in Sinomegaceros, which implies local evolution. In order to see whether dispersals between the two areas may have occurred.

Products

FDC Circulated cover

China 1958 FDC of Chinese Paleontology stamps

circulated cover with dinosaur stamps of China 1958
Some more circulated covers
circulated cover with dinosaur stamps of China 1958 circulated cover with dinosaur stamps of China 1958

References:

Dinosaur Catalogue   Wikipedia  

Acknowledgement :

   Many thanks to  fellow stamp collectors:

  •  Lida XING  from Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Canada, for his help to find some additional information about these stamps.
  •  Jon Noad , from Calgary Canada, who shar some scan of beatiful circulated covers from his collection
 Note:  This page is incomplete, some info is missing. In case you have the missing info please email to me.

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