Canada

Paleontology related stamps (dinosaurs, prehistoric animals, fossils and fossil found places)

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Canada  is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's border with the United States is the world's longest land border. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains; about four-fifths of the country's population of 35 million people live near the southern border. The majority of Canada has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer.
Canada is very reach country of fossils of Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals. Many fossil found paces and natural history museums are there. [R1]

The postal and philatelic history of Canada concerns the territories which have formed Canada. Before Canadian confederation, the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland issued stamps in their own names [R2]. Nowadays Canada issue 50-100 stamps per year of various topics related to the country Fossils , dinosaurs, prehistoric animals and fossil found sites shown on many stamps of the country.  One of  unique feature of Canadian post  is big amount of permanent pictorial cancels.
These cancels are available on various post offices across the country. To get it, send stamped envelope and a cover with proper postage inside a stamped envelope addressed to the "Postmaster", followed by the name  and full address of the post office. Some of these postmarks depict fossils and prehistoric animals on it.


 
  Official stamps of Canada related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.
29.08.1986 "Exploration of Canada" 01.10.1986 "Exploration of Canada" - CAPEX 87 22.03.1989 "Exploration of Canada"
Fossils at stone age campsite on stamp of Canada 1986 Fossils at stone age campsite on stamp of Canada 1986 Fossil of Albertosaurus found by Joseph Burr Tyrrell on stamps of Canada 1989
12.07.1990 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (I), The Age of Primitive Life" 05.04.1991 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (II), The Age of Primitive Life" 01.10.1993 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (III), The Age of Dinosaurs"  [1]
Prehistoric animals on stamps of Canada 1990 Prehistoric animals on stamps of Canada 1991 Dinosaurs on stamps of Canada 1994
26.09.1994 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (IV), The Age of Mammals"
28.07.1998 "Scenic Highways"   14.04.2014 "100th anniversary of the Royal Ontario Museum"
Prehistoric mammals on stamps of Canada 1994 Albertosaurus at Dinosaur trail on stamps of Canada 1998 Fossil of Parasaurolophus walkeri dinosaur from Royal Ontario Museum collection on stamps of Canada 2014
14.04.2014 "100th anniversary of the Royal Ontario Museum" (self adhesive) 13.04.2015  "Dinosaurs of Canada (I)"
Fossil of Parasaurolophus walkeri dinosaur from Royal Ontario Museum collection on stamps of Canada 2014 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Canada 2015 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Canada 2015
26.05.2016  "Dinosaurs of Canada (II)"
Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamp of Canada 2016 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamp of Canada 2016

Notes:
 [1] On October 10, 1993, only three month after release of "Jurassic Park" movie, three commonwealth countries:  Australia, Canada and New Zealand issued dinosaur stamps.
Dinosaur stamps of Australia 1993 Dinosaur stamps of Canada 1993, Click for details Dinosaur stamps of New Zealand 1993



Another stamps to consider
09.03.1999 "The UBC Museum of Anthropology"
17.12.1999  "Millennium"
 31.03.2014 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" (self adhesive) [O2]
The UBC Museum of Anthropology on stamp of Canada 1999 Tyrannosaurus on Millennium stamps of Canada 1999 Fossil found places: Joggins Fossil Cliffs and Miguasha National Park on stamps of Canada 2014
31.03.2014 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites [O2] 03.07.2015 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" (design error)   [O3] 03.07.2015 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" (design error), self adesive  [O3]
Fossil found places: Joggins Fossil Cliffs and Miguasha National Park on stamps of Canada 2014 wrong image of Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015 wrong image of Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015
21.08.2015 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" (corrected edition)   [O3] 21.08.2015 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" (corrected edition), self adesive   [O3] 16.01.2017 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites"  [O4]
Fossil found place: Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015 Fossil found place: Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015 Fossil found place: Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015
16.01.2017 "UNESCO World Heritage Sites" [O4]  , self adesive
Fossil found place: Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015

Notes:
[O1]  
The first stamp on the Mini Sheet is dedicated to IMAX movies.  Tyrannosaurus, perhaps from Jurassic Park movie is depicted on the middle of  the stamp.


[O2] Fossil found site:   Joggins Fossil Cliffs and  Miguasha National Park are depicted on UNESCO Workd Heritage Sites stamps from 2014
Fossil found place: Joggins Fossil Cliffs on stamp of Canada 2014Fossil found place: Miguasha National Park on stamp of Canada 2014
  Nearly 400 million years ago, today’s Miguasha National Park, Quebec(right) on the Gaspé Peninsula was once a tropical estuary.   The fossil beds of the Escuminac Formation, exposed in a seaside cliff provide a rare portrait of Devonian life – including 21 species of  fish fossils that have made Miguasha famous.

 Nearly 200 fossil species found in the Joggins Fossil Cliffs (left) reveal the world’s most complete record of terrestrial life from the Pennsylvanian Period  (the Coal Age), over 300 million years ago. Here is possible to find fossilized reptiles and amniotes, the first vertebrates to reproduce on land,  marking one of the most significant events in the evolution of life on Earth.
More info is here
 [O3] Fossil found site:   Dinosaur Provincial Park, in the badlands of southeastern Alberta, contains some of the most important fossil discoveries of more than 40 dinosaur species dating back to the Late Cretaceous Period, 75 million years ago.
Fossil found place: Hoodos in Alberta on stamp of Canada 2015 Fossil found place: Dinosaur provincial park on stamps of Canada 2015On July 3, 2015 Canada Post launched the third set of  stamps of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Canada serie.  On July 7, Officials at Canada Post have issued a recall on a stamp featuring Dinosaur Provincial Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because of a big problem. The error comes from the image used on the stamp, which is of a set of hoodoos (left) , a rock formation found in the provincial park, located just north of Brooks, Alberta. The problem is that the image on the stamp is actually of hoodoos that exist east of Drumheller, a community about an hour and a half northwest of Brooks. Canada Post has apologized for the error and is recalling the stamps from all post offices so they can be destroyed. A new stamp, with a correct picture, issued on August 21 (right).
More info is here
 [O4] Fossil found site:  Dinosaur Provincial Park in Alberta  and Mistaken Point
The first stamp on the mini sheet shows Dinosaur Provincial Park in Alberta (the same design as in 2015). Dinosaur Provincial Park is known for its remarkable fossil specimens that represent every known group of Cretaceous dinosaurs, as well as its impressive area of virtually undisturbed badlands and riparian (riverside) habitat.

At Mistaken Point (the second stamp on the mini sheet), the rugged coastal cliffs host the oldest known collection of large fossils in the world, marking the world’s first appearance of large, biologically complex organisms.





Official postmarks of Canada related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.
12.07.1990 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (I), The Age of Primitive Life"  [FDC] 05.04.1991 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (II), The Age of Primitive Life"  [FDC] 01.10.1993 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (III), The Age of Dinosaurs"    [FDC]  [C2]
Trilobite on postmark of Canada 1990 Hylonomus lyelli on postmark of Canada 1991 Styracosaurus on postmark of Canada 1993
14.05.1993 "Dinosaur world tour"  [Sp]  26-28.11.1993 "Collector's show in Montreal"   [Sp] 26.09.1994 "Prehistoric Life in Canada (IV), The Age of Mammals"  [FDC]
Slogan Dinosaur world toir on postmark of Canada 1993
Styracosaurus on postmark of Canada 1993 Mammoth on postmark of Canada 1994
05.07.1999 "Home of Big Bert"  [PM]  [C3]  22.07.2001 "Parrboro"  [PM] 09.10.2001 "Drumheller: Dinosaur capital of the world"  [PM] [C2] 
Terminonaris robusta Big Bert on postmark of Canada 2007 Dinosaurus on postmark of Canada 2001 Tyrannosaurus on postmark of Canada 2001
31.12.2003 "Plesiosaur from Herschel" [PM] 30.04.2004 "National Park Miguasha" [PM] 13.04.2015  "Dinosaurs of Canada (I)"  [FDC]


Plesiosaurus on postmark of Canada 2003 Fish fossil on postmark of Canada 2004 Ornithomimus edmontonicus on postmark of Canada 2015
13.04.2015 "Home of Scotty the T. rex"    [Sp] 20.05.2015 "The plesiosaurus"   [Sp] 26.05.2015 "Drumheller: Dinosaur capital of the world"  [PM] [N]  [C2]
Tyrannosaurus Scotty on postmark of Canada 2015 Plesiosaurus on postmark of Canada 2015 Tyrannosaurus on postmark of Canada 2015
26.05.2016  "Dinosaurs of Canada (II)"  [FDC]
Dinosaur fotprints on postmark of Canada 2016

Legend:
[FDC] - Post Marks used on FDC of official stamp
[PM] - Permanent postmark: available for a long period of time
[Sp] - Special postmark: issued for special event and was available for short period of time
[N] - new design of early introduced postmarks
[xDate] - date of first issue is unknown.

Notes:

[C1]  There are some FDC with an extra postmark that shows Tyrannosaurus from Alberta.. However, this postmark cancel no stamp and has "Philatelic Canaada" instead of  "Canada Post" text. Moreover, similar postmark used on another FDC from 1990, but without any date on it.
Tyrannosaurus postmark of Canada from 1993 Dinosaur FDC of Canada 1993 with extra postmark of Tyrannosauris from Alberta Tyrannosaurus postmark of Canada without date FDC of Canada from 1990 with Tyrannosaurus postmark
As from above, it is very likely not official but personalized  mark designed by some philatelic club, dealer or collector for decoration purpose only

[C2]  new design of postmark from 2001. "Dinosaur Capital of the world",.


 [C3]  The earlier, known to date,  postmark issue date (still valid)  is 05.07.199, as published in  January-March 2002 Canada Post "Details" Bulletin., but date on the postmark image from Canadian Post website is 30.09.2007.
Terminonaris robusta Big Bert on postmark of Canada 1999Terminonaris robusta Big Bert on postmark of Canada 2007




References:
 
[R1] More information about Canada  is on Wikipedia  WikiTravel  Flag Country
 [R2]   More information about postal history of Canada is on Wikipedia
                 Links to Canada's post authority and stamps catalog websites are here




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