"National Museums of the Republic of Moldova"
|ID||Michel: Stanley Gibbons: UPU: Category: pR|
|Stamps in set||3|
|Value||L1,20 - National Museum of Ethnography and
L2,0 - National Museum of History
L4, 0 - National Museum of Fine Arts
|Size (width x height)||46.00
|Layout||three sheets of 10 stamps each with various coupons|
|Products||FDC x 4 MC x3|
|Print Technique||Multicoloured, Offset Lithography|
|Quantity||20.000 , 10.000, 10.000
|Issuing Authority||Ministére de la technologie de l’information et des communications Republique de Moldova|
Nowadays the museum is an important scientific and cultural center of Bessarabia which is also known abroad.
The museum is divided into 2 logical parts. The first one is dedicated to flora and fauna on the territory of Moldova. Here visitors can see the modern flora and fauna of the country and also how it looked many years ago, how the nature changed. The history of nature development from Achaean till nowadays is shown there. The other part of the museum is dedicated to people living on this territory, their customs and traditions. Here visitors see many ancient things which where used in every-day life. Here thehistory of their developing is visible. Traditional costumes, interior of house and the scene of local wedding are of great interest. The museum also has its own botanical garden which was based in 1906. It was the first botanical garden in Bessarabia and it exists till nowadays.
The museum includes geological, palaeontological, zoological, entomological, archaeological ethnographic and numismatic collections. Among the showpieces of museum there are also the unique ones. For instance, the skeleton of gigantic mammoth-like prehistoric animal - Deinotherium Giganteum who lived during the Pliocene Epoch (5.3 million to 1.8 million years ago), shown on one of coupons of the sheet. The skeleton was discovered in 1966.
The way Deinotherium used its curious tusks has been much debated. It may have rooted in soil for underground plant parts like roots and tubers, pulled down branches to snap them and reach leaves, or stripped soft bark from tree trunks. Deinotherium fossils have been uncovered at several of the African sites where remains of prehistoric hominid relatives of modern humans have also been found. Deinotherium's range covered parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Adrienne Mayor, in The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology In Greek and Roman Times, has suggested that deinothere fossils found in Greece helped generate myths of archaic giant beings.
Over 263,000 exhibits, 165,000 of which belong to the national heritage, are exhibited in the National Museum of History, founded in 1983 on the former Regional Lyceum. It is situated on 121a, 31 August 1989 str., in the historical center of Chişinău. In the museum yard there is the Capitoline Wolf, the copy of the one in Rome. Every year almost 15 exhibitions are held in the museum; which are important events in Moldova. The museum is structured into many scientific sections: Ancient History and Archaeology, Medieval History, History of Basarabia, Contemporary History, Treasures.
In 1939, the sculptor Alexandru Plămădeală selected some 160 works of Bassarabian and Romanian artists in order to set up the first Picture Gallery of Chişinău whose director was Auguste Baillayre, painter and professor at Ecolle de Belle Arte of Chişinău. The first museum of Bassarabian fine art was opened on November 26, 1939; its successor becomes National Art Museum of Moldova. In the first days of World War II, the art pieces displayed in the Gallery, together with others donated by the Ministry of Culture and Cults of Romania were loaded into two lorries and delivered to Kharkiv; the destiny of these collections remains unknown until present. The building of the museum (architect Alexander Bernardazzi) is a monument in Moldova.
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