Austria

Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, fossil found places, Charles Darwin on stamps and postmarks of Austria

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Austria officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,879 square kilometres . Austria's terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps. The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and Austrian German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene. Austria, with its well-developed market economy, skilled labor force, and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's [R1]


Black print of Charles Darwin stamps of Austria 2009 Booklet of personalized stamps of dinosaurs and other prehistoric 
animals of Austria Since 1946, standard set of stamp related philatelic products issued by Austrian Post is contain not only stamp, information page or brochure with brief description and some technical details and FDC but also an Black Print. The Black Print is ungummed imperforated proof printed in black from the original printing plates and distributed by the official philatelic bureau of Austrian Post, but not valid for post. This kind of philatelic souvenirs are printed in limited quantity (500 about).

Another unusual feature of Austrian Post is production and distribution at official Philatelic Bureau of kind of "official personalized" stamps. Distinguished from regular personalized stamps, produced for private persons or companies the "official personalized" stamps produced in big topical sets and offered at face value price. [R2]


Official stamps of Austria related to Paleontology: fossils, Charles Darwin

30.04.1976 "Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial" 12.01.1999 "150-th Anniversary of the Austrian Geological Survey" 24.11.2009 "200 anniversary Charles Darwin"
Ammonite on Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial stamp of Austria 1976 Ammonites on stamps of Austria 1999 Charles Darwin on stamps of Austria 2009



Other stamps to consider

31.10.1980 "100 aniversary of Alfred Wegener" [A1] 20.07.1983 "150 anniversary of Carl Freiherr von Hasenaer" [A2] 26.04.1989 "Eduard Suess (1831-1914)" [A3]
Alfred Wegener on stamps of Austria 1980 Natural History Museum on stamps of Austria 1983 Eduard Suess on stamps of Aus 1989
22.01.1968 "Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt " [A4] xx.xx.2013 "Architecture" [A4][A5] 01.03.2015 "Lindwurm von Klagenfurt" [A4]
Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austriaa 1968 Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austriaa 2013 Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austriaa 2015
02.05.2018 "Sightseeing of Austria" [A4]
Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austriaa 2018

Notes

[A1] Alfred Wegener - German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist the originator of the theory of continental drift

[A2] The Museum of Natural History is on a background of the stamp. dedicated to Baron Karl von Hasenauer (Carl Freiherr von Hasenauer) who was an important Austrian architect and designed the museum building.

[A3] Eduard Suess - geologist who "discovered" prehistoric Gondwana continent

[A4] Klagenfurt LindwurmKlagenfurt LindwurmLegend has it that Klagenfurt was founded after a couple of brave men had slain the abominable "Lindwurm", a winged dragon in the moors adjoining the lake, the staple diet of which is said to have been virgins, but which did not spurn the fat bull on a chain that the men had mounted on a strong tower. The feat is commemorated by a grandiose 9-ton Renaissance monument in the city centre. Although it represents a dragon, it can be regarded as the first palaeontological reconstruction. The head of the statue is modeled on the skull of woolly rhinoceros : In 1335 the cranium of a wooly rhinoceros from the ice-age was found in a gravel pit near Klagenfurt. It was instantly interpreted as the skull of a dragon or Lindwurm. This fossil, which is still at exhibition at the Landesmuseum für Kärnten, served as a model for the head of the Lindwurm.

[A5] The first stamp (face value 62) of the set shows "The Dragon of Klagenfurt". See note [A4] for more info.


Commemorative postmarks and meter franking of Austria related to Paleontology: fossils, prehistoric animals, dinosaurs, Charles Darwin, Natural History Museum

15.08.1960 "Natural history on stamps" [Sp] 26.9.1969 "Meeting Geology and Philately in Linz" [Sp] 1974 "100 years since discovery in Stillfried" [Sp] [C1]
Diniosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1960 Prehistoric fish on commemorative postmark of Austria 1969 Mammoth on commemorative postmark of Austria 1974
30.04.1976 "Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial" [FDC] 1980 "Natural history museum" [PM] 22.11.1983 "Natural history museum"
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1976 Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1981 Diniosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983
21.08.1983 "3rd philateliec hiking and advertising show in Gosau" [Sp] 25.09.1983 "IBSV Stamps Show in Mettmach" [Sp] [C6] 1985-1993"Visit Horm and its Museums" [PM] [C2]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Prehistoric elephant Gomphotherium on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983
1989 "Mettmach your vacation target" [PM] [C6] 27.2.1991 "90 years of Krahuletsmuseum in Eggenburg. Meeting of Palaontological society" [Sp] [C3] 03.01.1991 "Stamps exhibition of Youth group JUPHILA"
Prehistoric elephant Gomphotherium on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Diniosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1993
01.05.1993 "Gigants of prehistoric times" [Sp] 13.03.1994 "20 years of mineral show VOOM in St. Polsten" [Sp] 01.07.1995 "950 years of Stillfried-Grub. Open prehistoric museum" [Sp] [C1]
Diniosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1993 Fossils on commemorative postmark of Austria 1994 Mammoth on commemorative postmark of Austria 1995
1991- 1998 "Ernstbrunn natural park" [PM]
20.03.1999 "100 years of death Franz V. Hauers, founder of Paleontology school in Vienna" [Sp] [C4]
24.11.2009 "200 anniversary Charles Darwin" [FDC]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998 Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1999 Charles Darwin on commemorative postmark of Austria 2009
21.06.2013 "Wold heritage Dolomiten, exhibition in Eppan 2013" [Sp] [C5]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 2013

Notes

[C1] Paleolithic hunters lived in the Stillfried area about 25,000 years ago. In a grassy landscape with few bushes and trees they hunted mammoth, rhinoceros, wild horse, reindeer, ice fox and mountain hare. Many remains of prehistoric animlas and stone edge tools found in Stillfried can be seen in the local museum. [R3]

[C2]

[C3] The oldest fossil in the Krahuletz Museum date back to the Permian age, 300 million years ago, and were found in Kamptal.
Fossil animals such as the Eggenburg crocodile or the sea cow Metaxytherium krahuletzi (depicting on the postmark) are among the highlights of their collection and established their worldwide fame.
The scientific name of our manatees is "Metaxytherium krahuletzi", they were named after Johann Krahuletz, who had found the first bones. They lived about 20 million years ago on the coast of the tropical Eggenburg Sea.
In the community sand pit of Kuehnring seven almost complete skeletons of manatees were discovered, which had probably jointly found death by a storm surge and a debris avalanche. [R4]
Ammonite on postmark of Italy 2013
[C4] Franz Ritter von Hauer, or Franz von Hauer (1822-1899), was an Austrian geologist and paleoantologist. Among his special geological works are those on the Cephalopoda of the Triassic and Jurassic formations of Alpine regions (1855-1856). he recognized and discovered 89 species and established the Middle and Late Triassic stratigraphical units of deep shelf environments. [R5]

[C5] Italy issued very similar postmark

[C6] In the 1960 a tusk of a Gomphotherium angustidens was found in a pit near the town of Mettmach in Austria. They put this prehistoric elephant in their coat of arms. [R6]
The animal on the coat of arms looks as modern elephant and its very hard to recognize Gomphotherium on it. Gomphotherium on post stamp of Nepal 2014 Gomphotherium angustidens on coat of arms of Meemach town in Austria
Gomphotherium is an extinct genus of proboscids (elephant) from the Neogene and early Pleistocene of Eurasia, Africa, and North America.
It had four tusks, two on the upper jaw and two on the elongated lower jaw. The lower tusks are parallel and shaped like a shovel and were probably used for digging up food from mud.[citation needed] Unlike modern elephants, the upper tusks were covered by a layer of enamel. Compared to elephants, the skull was more elongated and low, indicating that the animal had a short trunk. These animals probably lived in swamps or near lakes, using their tusks to dig or scrape up aquatic vegetation. [R7]


Other Commemorative postmarks and meter franking of Austria to consider

22.08.1982 "2nd philatelic hiking day of Stamp Collectors Club of Dachstein" [Sp] [CA1] 17.06.1988 "Stamps show of Youth philatelic club JUPHILA" [CA1] 25.01.1989 "38th International ski customs championships" [Sp] [CA1]
Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983
29.02.1992 "17th International Mineral show" [Sp] [CA1] 04.06.1995 "40 anniversary of Youth philatelic group" [Sp] 1998 "Natural history museum" [PM]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1992 Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1995 Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998
12.01.1999 "150-th Anniversary of the Austrian Geological Survey" [FDC] 2002 "Natural history museum" [PM] [N] 2003 "Kovac Stahl KG" [CA2]
Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998 Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 2002 Stylized Dinosaur on meter franking of Kovac Stahl KG company from Graz

Notes

[CA1] Stylized Ammonite on commemorative postmark of some philatelic clubs.
[CA2] Stylized theropod dinosaur without arms on meter franking of commercial company from Graz.


Legend

[FDC] - Post Marks used on FDC of official stamp
[PM] - Permanent postmark: available for a long period of time
[Sp] - Special postmark: issued for special event and was available for short period of time
[N] - new design of early introduced postmarks


References

[R1] More information about Austria is on Wikipedia WikiTravel Flag Country
[R2] More about philatelic history of Austria is on Austrian Philately
Links to official website and online store of Austria's post as well as stamp catalog , stamps issue plan and more are here
[R3] Stillfried Museum
[R4] Krahuletz Museum
[R5] FranzR itter von Hauer: Wikipedia
[R6] Mettmach: Wikipedia (German)
[R7] Gomphotherium: Wkipedia: English, German (more detailed description)


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