|Issue Date||planed on 31.08.2014, issued on 12.09.2014|
|ID||Michel: Stanley Gibbons: UPU: Category: pR|
Guruh Ramdani; FDC: Tata Sugiarta
|Stamps in set||2|
3000 - Homo sapience skull
|Size (width x height)||41.06
mm X 25.31 mm
|Layout||sheet of 30 stamps|
|Products||FDC x 1|
|Perforation||12.75 x 13.50|
4 colors + 1 invisible ink
|Printed by||Perum Peruri|
300.000 sets; FDC: 4.000 pieces
|Issuing Authority||Pos Indonesia|
Marie Eugène François Thomas Dubois (28 January 1858 – 16 December 1940, pronunciation: [yʒɛndybwa] was a Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist. He earned worldwide fame for his discovery of Pithecanthropus erectus (later redesignated Homo erectus), or "Java Man". Although hominid fossils had been found and studied before, Dubois was the first anthropologist to embark upon a purposeful search for them.
From these findings, it was revealed mysteries of ancient human fossils were later named as Homo wajakensis (man of Wajak). Homo wajakensis is classified as an intelligent human (Homo sapiens).
Homo wajakensis’ height was about 173 cm and showed characteristics of Mongolia and Australid race who lived among 40,000 and 25,000 years ago. The skull of Homo wajakensis was 1,550 cm3 capacity for the female and 1,650 cm3 for the male. The skull volume exceeds the volume of a modern human skull.
Observing the shape of the skull, Homo wajakensis had hefty bulge in its forehead like Australid and flat broad face with prominent cheekbones aside as Mongolid. Large eye sockets, but rather low. Its nose bone was, small, flat and wide nostrils. Its palate was large and deep, and greater than Australid, had big teeth but in modern proportions. Lower jaw was stocky, strong, and heavy, whereas a weak chin and tilted back. From the femur and tibia bone, it can be concluded that Homo wajakensis was slender and tall.
Homo wajakensis skull had many similarities with the Australian native skull, Aborigines. Therefore, Eugene Dubois suspect that was included in Australid race. Homo wajakensis fossils also has similarities with the human fossil of Niah in Sarawak, Malaysia, man of Tabon in Palawan, Philippines, and Australid fossils from South China and South Australia.
|Other archaeological evidence indicates the existence
of a cave
dwelling (rock-shelter) which was where the ancient human life at the
time. The findings of food debris, as seashells (Gastropoda) and also
animal bones as kitchen waste. The archaeological evidence providing
information about Homo wajekensis where to stay at that time.
Excavations at Sangiran from 1936 to 1941 led to the discovery of the first hominid fossil at this site. Later, 50 fossils of Meganthropus palaeo and Pithecanthropus erectus/Homo erectus were found – half of all the world's known hominid fossils. Inhabited for the past one and a half million years, Sangiran is one of the key sites for the understanding of human evolution.
Sangiran Early Man Site is situated about 15 kilometers in the north of Solo town in Central Java, Indonesia, covering an area of 5,600 hectares. There is a very significant geological sequence from the upper Pliocene until the end of Middle Pleistocene by depicting the human, faunal, and cultural evolutions within the last 2.4 million years. The property also yields important archaeological occupation floors dating back to the Lower Pleistocene around 1.2 million years ago.
Ever since von Koenigswald found flake tools in the Ngebung village in 1934, the site has made an immense contribution to the study of evolution over the past million years by illustrating the evolution of Homo erectus . Homo erectus is important to the study of the early history of mankind before the emergence of the modern Homo sapiens . Fossils of Homo erectus have been found from time to time in a site covering 8 km by 7 km since 1936 to the present day.
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