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Brazil 2014 "Prehistoric Animals of Brazil"

Issue Date 12.10.2014
ID Michel:    Scott:  Stanley Gibbons:   Yvert: UPU:  BR052.14 Category: pR
Author paleoartist Rodolfo Nogueira
consultant: paleontologist Prof. Dr. Luiz Eduardo Anelli Geosciences Institute of the University of Sao Paulo - USP/IGc
Stamps in set 4
Value R$1,30 -   Prionosuchus plummeri
R$1,30 -   Oxalaia quilomboensis
R$1,30 -   Pycnonemosaurus nevesi
R$1,30 -   Eremotherium lauriliardi
Emmision commemorative, on sale till 31.12.2017. 
Places of issue São Paulo / SP, São Luis / MA, Cuiabá / MT and São Raimundo Nonato / PI
Size (width x height) 25mm x 35 mm ;  35mm x 25mm
Layout Sheet of 24 stamps with 6 x blocks of 4 stamp
Products FDC x1 with 4 different post marks
Paper Gummed chalky paper
Perforation 12 x 11,5 ; 11,5 x 12
Print Technique Offset + UV varnish + coarse varnish
Printed by Brazilian Mint
Quantity stamps 900.000 , post card 3.000
Issuing Authority Empresa Brasileira de Correios e Telegrafos
dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Brazil 2014

Special issue "prehistoric animals of brazil-treasures of our prehistory" is the next release of post office the post office put into circulation in all Brazil, starting from Monday (13/10), the live broadcast prehistoric Animals of Brazil-treasures of our prehistory, with expected to launch on Sunday (12/10), in the cities of São Paulo, São Luís (MA), São Raimundo Nonato (PI), and Cuiabá (MT). 
post mark of prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014 post mark of prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014 post mark of prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014 post mark of prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014
The issue is a block of 4 stamps designed at  paleoart, artistic branch that translates scientific data into images, and was created by the artist best miner Rodolfo Nogueira, that creates three dimensional pieces of prehistoric animals and plants. The miner's work has been exhibited at museums in Europe and the United States and the artist accounts for seven awards.

Prionosuchus plummeri and Psaronius on stamps of Brazil 2014
The first stamp depicts the Permian, 270 million years ago. In a lake that is located today in Parnaíba in Piauí, Prionosuchus plummeri one captures a Ceratodus fish while another individual rests in the shade of ferns Psaronius of 15 meters high. 
Prionosuchus plummeri

In the 1940s, the Brazilian precursor to the study of fossil vertebrates Llewellyn Ivor Price, unburied Prionosuchus plummeri from rocks of the Paleozoic Era with 270 million years of age. Known as Fire Stone Formation, these rocks outcrop in the state of Maranhao, and represent sediments deposited in ancient rivers and lakes surrounded by majestic vegetation. The Prionosuchus is the largest amphibious already found in the world, because it reached to nine meters in length. It had a long nozzle filled with sharp teeth, and an elongated body with too short members. Its role was the same as the current crocodiles: devour fish and any other aquatic creature.

Name
: Prionosuchus plummeri.
Meaning of the Name: Although it may be an amphibian, his name means "sierra crocodile".
Where it was found: state of Maranhao.
When it lived: Permian Period, 270 million years ago.
Dimensions: Length: 9m, Weight: 1-2t.

Oxalaia quilomboensis on stamp of Brazil 2014
The second stamp depicts the rich fauna that lived in the Cretaceous period of the slab of the Joker, there are 95 million years, where today lies the island of Cajual, Maranhão. In featured, a Oxalaia quilomboensis, eating a shark Atlanticopristis. Out of the water, a Pterosaur anhangueridae flying, a family of herbivorous dinosaurs Titanosauros left, some dinosaurs necks of Andesaurus and a carnivorous dinosaur species, Masiakasaurus, on the right. Under the surface of the water, you can see in the foreground, a fish of the genus Tribodus and a shark Mawsonia, in the background, Lepidote, Pycnodontiforme, Eagle, Ceratodontidae and at the bottom, another individual of the species Atlanticopristis resting on marine substrate
Oxalaia quilomboensis
One hundred million years ago, during the Mesozoic Era, lands that are now Brazilian were already almost fully occupied by different species of dinosaurs. They were concentrated in areas near the coast where moisture and vegetation provided food and shelter. In 2010 a group of paleontologists announced the discovery in rocks of Maranhao state coast of fossilized remnants that belonged to the largest predator dinosaur known to Brazilian lands: Oxalaia quilomboensis, which reached up to 13 meters in length. Different from what is commonly expected of a carnivore dinosaur, Oxalaia did not run behind its prey, it was a patient and experienced fisher. With its long beak and slightly bent teeth, it would blow the water quickly and accurately to take other incredible pre-historic creatures to eat.

Name: Oxalaia quilomboensis.
Meaning of the name: In tribute to Oxalá, a god of African legends.
Where it was found: Cajual Island, state of Maranhao.
When it lived: Cretaceous Period, 98 million years ago.
Dimensions: Length: 14m, High: 3m, Weight: 7t.


dinosaur Pycnonemosaurus nevesi on stamps of Brazil 2014
The third seal illustrates the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago, in the region of Uberaba, Minas Gerais. A carnivorous dinosaur Pycnonemosaurus feed on the carcass of a herbivorous dinosaur Uberabatitan. In the background, you can see two dinosaurs of the same species feeding on conifers and, on the Bank of the pond, take a crocodiliforme Uberabasuchus. 
Pycnonemosaurus nevesi
Seventy-five million years ago, already near the end of the Mesozoic Era, while large predators such as the famous Tyrannosaurus rex frightened herds of herbivores dinosaurs in North America, a group of very different predator dinosaurs frightened the rare South American forests. During the Cretaceous Period, these abelisauridae dinosaurs lived exclusively in continents south of the Equator. They were robust animal, short-skulled, very powerful rear legs, and arms exaggeratedly shriveled. Its fossilized remnants are found all over Brazil. At that time, huge herbivore dinosaurs from the titanosaurs family grazed in these lands and were among its favorite prey. In a generalized way, the Brazilian lands crisscrossed a long and endless period of aridity. In that pre-historic world, seek food for puppies and partners, and to its immense eight meters carnivore body, was not the easiest of tasks. The titanosaurs had their defense strategies: harshest bony plates on the back and enormous tails that would knock down any large predator. Also in pre-history, the struggle for life was always a challenge.

Name
: Pycnonemosaurus nevesi.
Meaning of the name: Dense forest lizard.
Where it was found: state of Mato Grosso.
When it lived: Cretaceous Period, 70 million years ago.
Dimensions: Length: 8m, High: 3m, Weight: 4t.

Eremotherium laurillardi on stamps of Brazil 2014
The fourth seal Eremotherium laurillardi displays two, that lived during the Pleistocene, which precedes the time we live in. In the foreground, an individual rises in bipedal position to reach leaves high on the tree. In the background, another moves in search of a tree. The technique used was digital illustration with manipulation of polygons, which allowed create virtual models in 3 dimensions.
Eremotherium laurillardi
Around 66 million years ago, the fall of an asteroid caused the disappearance of the majority of the lineages of dinosaurs, when South America already had its lands isolated as a large continental island. At that time, with the dinosaurs out of the loop, the mammals left their dens to give rise to incredible animals that, because of isolation, evolved only in those lands. Among these were the Xenarthra, of an unknown name, but very familiar to all Brazilians: the armadillos, sloths and anteaters. If nowadays these animals do not frighten us with their size, it was not so in the past. The armadillos grew up to the size of a Volkswagen Beatle and the sloths could reach the height of a bus. Eremotherium was a giant sloth who dwelt our land from 5 million to 10 thousand years ago, in a period called Pleistocene. With end of the last ice age 12,200 years ago, radical changes in climate and vegetation occurred here. Shaken with these changes and with the recent arrival of man, many of these giants did not resister and were extinct.
Name: Eremotherium laurillardi.

Meaning of the name
: Solitary creature.
Where it was found: All over Brazil.
When it lived: Pliocene and Pleistocene Periods, between 5 million and 10 thousand years ago.
Dimensions: Length: 6m, Weight: 3t.

Here are original images of the stamp artist Rodolfo Nogueira 
x x
x x

Brazil has below its surface an extensive and lush pre-history that was built and accumulated over the geological time. For an infinitely colossal time lived thousands of generations of creatures that, if not by their fossils, we would never imagine they had existed. As ancient inhabitants of this land, they survived or disappeared in large extinctions, saw the birth of South America, felt the scent of the first flowers, made our pre-history happen. Know and admire it is a
duty of all Brazilians, not only as part of the history of our country, its geography and landscapes, fauna and flora, but as our own history. For hundreds of millions of years, huge depressions of the crust on which we live accumulated sediments and debris coming from the mountains time wore off. They were
brought immersed in glaciers that remained in these lands for millions of years, in marine currents of ancient continental seas established here, by the winds of a hellish desert, or then in the fluidity of countless rivers and lakes that are long gone. Hardened by the heat from the inner Earth, by the immense weight of the column of sediment, and the chemistry of the waters that penetrated them; these sediments were transformed into rocks. Out of those we took good part of the riches which enable us to live, including plenty of water, limestone and oil. But they keep other valuable treasures, signs and traces of the rich and vigorous life that uninterruptedly dwelt these lands in a deep and remote past. In these huge packages of rock stacked by time are packaged skeletons and
trunks, footprints and traces of life that existed here in the last three major geological eras, eye witnesses of our pre-history. In recognition of this, and the work of countless generations of Brazilian geologists and paleontologists, the Brazilian Post depicts in special stamps four magnificent pre-historic creatures that once inhabited these lands.

Prof. Dr. Luiz Eduardo Anelli
Geosciences Institute of the University of Sao Paulo - USP/IGc


Stamp presentations

presentation of prehistoric animal stamp of Barzil 2014

Presentation of these stamps took place at several places around Brazil. Image collage on the right side is from presentation at Museu de Pré História Casa Dom Aquino on Thuesday November 5, 2014 in Cuiabá city,  where  are many archaeological and paleontological artifacts are found.  The artist Rodolfo Nogueira (young man in blue shirt) and scientific consultant and author of texts about dinosaurs, paleontologist  Prof. Dr. Luiz Eduardo Anelli (seat exactly in the middle on the bottom image) presented the stamps for some scientists and visitor of the museum. After the presentation Mr. Nogueira kindly signed some covers and mini-sheets for some philatelists. 

About  stamp designer  Rodolfo Nogueira  "I am Brazilian. I reconstruct extinct animals, so I am a paleoartist. I've been also working since 1998 with various illustation techniques as color pencil, graphite, gouache, oil, watercolor, digital illustration, 3D modeling, animation and sculpture. I am undergraduated in Graphic Design at Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP. With the soul of a biologist, I never left the infant stage of liking dinosaurs. As an undergraduate I have developed a methodology to illustrate prehistoric animals with the detailed study of functional morphology, ecology and environment."


Products
FDC
Post Card
FDC- prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014
Post card - prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014
Used covers
used cover with prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014 used cover with prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014
Brochure

Official brochure about prehistoric animal stamps of Brazil 2014


Acknowledgement:


 
References:  SeloseFilateliablog.correios.com.br  Official booklet

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