2016 "Geopark Araripe"
Stanley Gibbons: Yvert:
UPU: N/A Category: pR
||Photos: Marcos Nascimento
|Stamps in set
||1" Class Rate for Domestic Commercial
|Size (width x height)
||40mm x 30mm
||Sheet of 24 stamps (12 pairs)
||gummed chalky paper
||11.5 x 12
||Offset, photography techniques and
|| Brazilian Mint
|| 360,000 stamps (180,000 of
||Empresa Brasileira de Correios e
On 21st of November 2016 the Post Authority of Brazil have
a set of two stamps with fossils of Geopark Araripe.
the biological, geological and paleontological importance of this
fantastic natural universe of the Brazilian Northeast. Created in 2006,
it‘s the ﬁrst Geopark in the Americas, recognized by the United Nations
Educational, Scientiﬁc and Cultural Organization - UNESCO.
stamps feature in a matte background, two perfect images of insects
fossils, which were found in the Araripe GeoPark and represent, quite
simply, the wealth of its natural diversity. 0n the ﬁrst stamp a
is shown, whose image has been condensed in the rock, in
detail. The other stamp, in complete condition, displayes the
fossilized image of a moth
In each of the stamps, the logo
is present, crafted from a stylized
outline from a part
of the Pangaea
the only ancient continent, connected with South
America and Africa.
The territory of 6 (six) counties
that make up the Araripe GeoPark has a natural history of millions of
years. These landscapes were marked by the merging and splitting (still
ongoing) of South America and Africa. A story that saw the geological
structure of the largest sedimentary basin inside the Brazilian
territory, the Araripe sedimentary basin, which received the influence
of marine waters, whose relationship left testimonies only on rocky
screens that open-air museum.
Thus, in the Araripe GeoPark,
Regional University of Cariri (U RCA) are two of the main deposits
bearing layers of Brazil and of the world:
Crato formations and Romualdo, with amazing specimens showed at the
Museum of Paleontology of URCA.
Crato formation is composed primarily of laminated limestones. Here the
most varied groups of living things are found, and it has also an
abundant fossil number per square meter, well preserved with soft
tissue, tablets or in the form of prints.
consists of shales with levels of carbonate concretions, in many of
them are found fossils, mostly ﬁsh, but also has the presence of
pterosaurs, turtles, crocodilomorfos, dinosaurs and plants.
these formations are considered a Konservat Lagerstatte, because strata
fossils in an excellent state of preservation are present, and make up
part of the unique natural heritage of Cariri from Ceara, whose
conservation is one of the basic objectives of the Araripe GeoPark.
Some details about the insects.
The dragonﬂy, a symbol of the Museum of Paleontology of URCA,
in Santana do Cariri-CE, is one of the most beautiful and impressive
fossils that compose the collection of this Museum and is a true icon of the Araripe GeoPark and the Brazilian Paleontology.
In the past, at least 120 million years ago, around a large lake,
several species of dragonﬂies were hovering above its waters. The
dragonﬂy fossils of the Crato formation are extremely similar to
dragonﬂies found in Chapada do Araripe. These insects are part of the
Odonata Group, which has a life cycle that is closely connected to
water bodies and which appeared in the Paleozoic, conserved, until
today, with the same general morphological characteristics.
The Emperor moth, known scientiﬁcally as the Lepidoptera, ﬂew through
the air of the region that today is Brazil in the early
Cretaceous, mainly during the deposition of plated limestone of the
Crato formation. Lepidoptera fossils are extremely rare in these rocks,
and the vast majority of fossils are from isolated wings. Thus, this
beautiful specimen from the Museum of Paleontology of URCA is unique
due to the exceptional preservation of the entire body of the animal,
including delicate parts such as the antennas. The most extraordinary
aspect of this fossil is the preservation of the color
pattern of the wings of the butterﬂy.
Latest update 21.10.2017
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