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Serbia 2014 "Science"

Issue Date 08.10.2014
ID Michel:    Scott:  Stanley Gibbons:   Yvert:  UPU:   Category: pP
Author MA Boban. Savic, academic painter
Stamps in set 2
Value 23-  Petar Stevanovic
74-  Josif Pancica
Emmision commemorative
Size (width x height) 45mm x 30mm
Layout Two sheets 10 stamp each (5x2)
Products FDC x2 MS x2
Paper
Perforation 14
Print Technique

Offset, multicolor

Printed by ZIN Belgrade
Quantity 25.000 each
Issuing Authority Public Enterprise of PTT Srbija
Great Serbian scientists geologist and paleontologist Petar Stevanovic and botanist Josif Pancica on stamps of Serbia 2014

On October 8th, 2014 Post Authority of Serbia  issued a set of 2 commemorative stamps, in serie "Science", shows  two grea Serbian scientists..

Petar Stevanovic professor of geology, paleontologist on stamp of Serbia 2014
PETAR STEVANOVIC (1914–1999) , professor of geology at the University of Belgrade, member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, president of the Serbian Geological Society, and scientist with high international reputation, is the last student of the prominent Serbian geologist Jovan Žujović.
His career began at the Natural History Museum in Belgrade in 1938, as curator and the head of Geological and paleontological as well as Mineralogical-petrological departments. The period of World War II (1941-1945), he spent imprisoned in the Osnabruck labor camp, Germany. Pedagogical and scientific activities commenced at the Faculty of Philosophy in Belgrade in 1946. He defended his PhD thesis “The Lower Pliocene of Serbia and neighboring areas” at the Moscow Paleontological Institute (USSR) in 1948. He lectured the following subjects: Introduction to independent geological-paleontological investigations, Stratigraphy of Yugoslavia, the Quaternary geology. He was the author of the textbooks: Historical Geology II-the Paleozoic Periods, Historical Geology-the Cenozoic Periods and the Quaternary Geology.
In the field of Neogene stratigraphy of Pannonian Basen, he has introduced the two new substages (time-intervals), the Portaferrian (the Upper Pontian) and the Serbian (the Upper Pannonian) and identified forty taxa, new for science (bivalve and gastropod species and subspecies). During his long-lasting geological field research, he discovered new fossiliferous localities of different geological age in the Belgrade area, Kolubara Basin, Kostolac, Krupanj, Koceljeva, Loznica and Timočka krajina. Good knowledge of several languages (Russian, French, German) enabled him to follow successfully the achievements in geosciences and to participate in many international expert teams and committees. His first scientific article was issued in 1937, and up to 1999. he published more than 200 scientific and professional papers.  He was appointed as a member of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and the Academy of Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the honorary member of the Hungarian Geological Society and the Paleontological Society of the German Federal Republic. His successful and fruitful work has been awarded by several orders and rewards (Order of Labor with the Golden Wreath, two October Prizes of City of Belgrade, “Seventh July Prize”). Owing to the great working capacity and self-discipline, he has achieved excellent scientific outcomes and made significant contributions to: developing and enhancing the geology school and geological education in Serbia, teaching and training of generations of geologists and paleontologists promoting and popularizing the geology and geosciences; developing the museology, and conserving and preserving the geological heritage of Serbia.

shellfish limnocardium on FDC of Serbia 2014
Two fossilized shells of shellfish Lymnocardium sp. can be seen  on the top-right side of the stamps and on the FDC. These shells are from fossil  collection of  Petar Stevanovic, which is on display at  Geology Department  of  the Natural History Museum in Belgrade. This collection includes over 300.000 fossilized invertebrate remains, mostly of Tertiary age, from the territory of Balkans, Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Italy and Iran. It was established in 1939 as a legacy of Academy Member Petar Stevanovic (1914-1999), who spent first several yeas of his long working life at the Natural History Museum. Best represented group is of Neogene age (up to 15 mya). Besides the mollusks, this Collection also includes fossilized remains of other invertebrate groups (trilobites and crinoids, several mya) as well as microfauna, etc. The youngest specimens in geological sense are representatives of Quaternary mollusks (up to several tens of tya). As P. Stevanovic spent most of his working life at Faculty of Mining and Geology, the Collection also includes the material collected for students’ Bachelor Theses. Most important part of the Collection includes the holotypes of taxa new for science, as well as the rare species. Most of the collection was used to prepare the edition Geology of Serbia (1977) as well as other expert and scientific works, primarily in the fields of stratigraphy and paleontology, but also paleoecology, paleogeography etc
Botanist Josif Pancic on stamp of Serbia 2014
JOSIF PANCICA (Ugrine: 1814 - Belgrade: 1888)
When he decided to take up botany, Pancica never dreamed it would lead him to Serbia, where he would become the most renowned botanist and one of the great men of  Serbian science. He fell in love with nature as a child, and his desire to leam as much of it as possible lead him through Gospié, Rijeka and Zagreb to Pest, where he studied and gained his PhD at the Medical Faculty. He came to Serbia in 1846 and stayed forever. In two of his most significant works, the Flora of the Principality of Serbia (I874) and the Supplement to the Flora of the Principality of Serbia (1884) he listed approximately 68% of the currently known species of Serbian flora. His most important discovery is  the omorica (Picea omorika), an endemite and relict conifer unknown to science at the time. Although he is the most important Serbian botanist and one of the greatest Serbian scientists, Pancic was much more than that. As a medical doctor who spoke several languages (Latin, German, English, French, ltalian, Spanish), he was one of the best
educated people in Serbia at the time. He is the initiator of naturalist thought and sciences in Serbia because he was the first to undertake complex studies of nature and teach natural sciences and was the professor to the next generation of renowned Serbian naturalists. He wrote natural science textbooks, created professional Serbian language terminology for parts of plants, animal organs and geological phenomena, wrote about the need for careful husbandry over natural resources, wrote the first papers on the fauna of Serbia (printed in Serbia), founded the Jestastvenicki [natural
sciences] Cabinet, its collection becoming the initial fund of the Museum of Natural History, and founded the first Botanical Garden. He was a renowned and respected public personality: the first president of the Serbian Royal Academy (today the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts), six times the rector of the Great School, the first manager of the Botanical Garden, vice-president of the National Assembly, state advisor and Member of Parliament. He was dedicated to improving education and the spread of education and culture. He fought for peace and brotherhood among the Slavic peoples and as a doctor, participated in all the liberation wars fought by the Principality of Serbia at the time. He achieved all this because throughout his life he kept to the belief that “A man with knowledge can be of use to people in many situations, yet ignorance is always harmful to all of society.”

Recommended Book:   "The World of Cephalopods and their Reflection in Philately"
book The World of Cephalopods and their Reflection in Philately
 "Abstract: This book is intended for both philatelically interested persons and collectors of ammonites as well as nautilids. It gives an overview of all stamps, postmarks and postal stationeries displaying ammonoids, belemnites or nautiloids issued to date. A photograph and brief description of the morphology of the fossil featured, together with notes on its distribution are given to explain the philatelic material. We have endeavoured to show on the photograph the exact species represented wherever possible, but when such was not available, we used an image of a closely related species of the same genus.

Authors: Dr. med. Hans Ulrich Ernst, born 1949, studied medicine at Cologne and is now senior consultant of a specialized clinic for Orthopädic Rehabilitation. Already as pupil he started collecting stamps and over the years focused on fossil motives. Since several years he builds up a trilobite collection.

Dr. habil. Christian KLUG, born in 1969, studied geology and palaeontology at the University of Tübingen as well as at the Nothern Arizona University in Flagstaff. For his PhD thesis, he examined Devonian ammonoids from Morocco. After a scientific internship at the Stuttgart State Museum of Natural History, he began to work as research associate at the Palaeontological Institute and Museum of the University of Zürich, where he is still employed.."  Pfeil-Verlag

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Products

FDC   (back side of the FDC) Mailed FDC 

Great Serbian scientists geologist and paleontologist Petar Stevanovic and botanist Josif Pancica on FDC of Serbia 2014

Great Serbian scientist geologist and paleontologist Petar Stevanovic on mailed FDC of Serbia 2014

Circulated cover Mini Sheet

Great Serbian scientists geologist and paleontologist Petar Stevanovic and botanist Josif Pancica on used cover of Serbia 2014

Great Serbian scientists geologist and paleontologist Petar Stevanovic and botanist Josif Pancica on MS of Serbia 2014

Acknowledgement:

Many thanks tp Ugljesa Stefanovic  from Belgrade

 
References:  Natural History Museum in Belgrade  Back side of FDC covers

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