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Slovenia  2013 "75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik"

Issue Date 19.09.2013
ID Michel: 791 (frame)  Stanley Gibbons:    UPU:  Category: pR
Author Matjaz Učakar
Stamps in set 1
Value A   -  fossil of Mammoth
* A - standard letter inside country - 0,29 EUR
Size (width x height)
Layout
Variations FDC x 2  MC x2
Paper self adhesive
Perforation
Print Technique
Printed by
Quantity
Issuing Authority Natural History Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana,
75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik on stamp of Slovenia 2013


In order to commemorate "75 years since  discovery of a mammoth's fossils in Nevlje by Kamnik"  Natural History Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana, issued on 19.09.2013, self-adhesive personalized stamp, shows reconstruction of the animals, which is on display in the museum. Moreover, special  Philatelic Exhibition took place in the museum between 19.09.2013 and 31.12.2013.  Five frames, prepared by Matjaz Učakar (the stamp designer) and Tone Simončič, showed various philatelic items related to the animals of the Ice Age,  which lived at  Neveljska (place where fossils of the mammoth  are found) , together with some other stamps and covers shows modern animals and plants typical for the area of ​​Slovenia and issued  by the Post of Slovenia in  last two decades.

Mammoth discovery by Kamnik
fossils found site of Mammuthus primigenius from Kamnik, Slovenia
fossils found site of Mammuthus primigenius from Kamnik, Slovenia
In March and April 1938, an almost complete skeleton of a 40-year-old woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), an antler of a reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), an atlas of a polar fox (Alopex lagopus), and a small Paleolithic tool made of almost black flint were found in Nevlje (Nevlje ranks among the oldest settlements in the Kamnik region. The Parish Church of Sv. Jurij was the original seat of the earliest Kamnik parish)  by workers who built a bridge across the Nevljica and deepened its bed. It was the first discovered Paleolithic hunting settlement in the territory of the present Slovenia and was dated to around 20,000 BP, the time of the Gravettian culture in the latter half of the Würm period (the last glaciation period). The excavations attracted domestic and international public attention, researchers, and politicians. A bridge built at this spot was named the Mammoth Bridge (Slovene: Mamutov most). A pollen analysis was performed at the site for the first time by Ana Tregubov-Budnar, the first Slovenian paleontologist. In 1944, she attributed the pollen to the end of an interglacial period. Later, it was shown by Alojz Šercelj that it actually belongs to the Würm glaciation. The mammoth skeleton is one of the best preserved in Europe and has become the symbol of the Natural History Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana, where it is now on display.


logo of Natural History Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana commemorative post mark of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik on stamp of Slovenia 2013

Along with the National Museum of Slovenia, which is located in the same building, the Natural History Museum of Slovenia is Slovenia's oldest cultural and scientific institution, originating as the Provincial Museum of Carniola, which was established in 1821 and became the National Museum in 1921. The museum, located in the town center of Ljubljana near Tivoli Park, gained from the Austrian government at its establishment the Žiga Zois collection of books and minerals and the Count Hohenwart collection of mollusk shells. It has a dislocated unit, the Alpine Botanical Garden Juliana, in Trenta.
Mammoth's fossils of Natural History Museum of Slovenia in Ljubljana
The museum's geological-palaeontological collections include fossils from various Slovene sites, including an almost complete 20,000-year-old mammoth skeleton found at Nevlje near Kamnik. Also of significance are a 210 million-year-old 84-centimeter-long fish skeleton found in the Triglav Mountains and a Miocene-era baleen whale skeleton found in Slovenske Gorice.

One of the museum's founding collections was Baron Sigmund Zois's mineral collection. Although it is an outstanding historical collection, minerals are now exhibited as classified by modern methods according to their internal structure, and among them is the mineral zoisite, named after Zois. There are also two Biedermaier wooden tables that are covered by tiles from Palnstorf's collection of minerals and rocks.

Hohenwart's collection of mollusk shells comprises about 5,000 specimens, dating from 1831 and originating mainly from the Indo-Pacific. The insect collection of Ferdinand J. Schmidt includes several interesting specimens, notably the "narrow-necked" blind cave beetles (Leptodirus hochenwartii) that were described in 1831 as the first cave insect. The plants and animals of the mountains, marshes, and woods are shown in specialized dioramas. Also on view are permanent bird, reptile, fish, mammal and skeleton collections.

The Slovenian Wildlife Sound Archive is a collection of animal sounds, mainly on Heteroptera and Cicadas, stored on digital and analogue recording media.


Related philatelic items:

Slovenia 2013 "75 years since  discovery of a mammoth's fossils in Nevlje by Kamnik", issued byPhilatelic Club of KamnikCover of Slovenia 1998  "60 years since  discovery of a mammoth's fossils in Nevlje by Kamnik"





Variations
 FDC
FDC of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013 FDC of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013
Maxi Cards
Maxi cards of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013
backside is here
Maxi cards of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013
backside is here
Circulated Covers
Circulated cover with both stamps of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013 Circulated cover with both stamps of 75 years of the discovery of a mammoth in Nevlje by Kamnik stamp of Slovenia 2013

 
Acknowledgement:  



Reference

    

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