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Ireland 1999 "Extinct Irish Animals" (part 1 - Mint)

Issue Date 11.10.1999
ID Michel: 1184-1187, Bl.33 Scott: 1205-1208 Stanley Gibbons: 1270-1273, Bl. 1274 Yvert:  1188-1191, Bl. 35 UPU:  N/A Category: pR
Author Finbarr OConn0r
Stamps in set 4 (two se-tenant pairs)
Value 30p se-tenant pair (Giant Deer and Mammoth)
45p se-tenant pair (Wolf and Brown Bear)
Size (width x height) 29.8mm x 40.64mm / 40.64mm x 29.8mm ; Mini-sheet 150mm x 68mm
Layout Sheetlets of 16
Products FDC x2
Paper phosphor tagging (stamps only)
Perforation 14 x 15
Print Technique Lithography multicolour with
Printed by  Irish Security Stamp Printing Ltd
Quantity 1.5m
Issuing Authority


Following on from last years Endangered Animals issue, stamp artist, Finbarr OConnor has this year produced an equally exciting and colourful series of stamps featuring four animals which are now extinct in Ireland - the Wolf, the Brown Bear, the Mammoth and the Giant Irish Deer.

The wolf (Canis lupus) was living in Ireland before man arrived and remained here until the beginning of the eighteenth century. Wolves were quite common in wilder regions of Ireland up to the end of the Middle Ages, when hunting and the destruction of their natural hab itat led to their rapid decline. They are still found in North America and the mountains of
Eurasia.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) was also present in Ireland when man first arrived around 10,000 years ago and it is thought that the clearance of forests may have led to the animal becoming extinct here. Up to a few hundred years ago, brown bears inhabited the forests of northem Europe but are now in decline.
Fossilised bones, dated to around 33,000 years ago, con?nn the presence of the mammoth (Mammuthus piimigenius) in Ireland around this time. The woolly mammoth was about the same size as a modern African elephant and had a thick two-layered coat of brown hair. After the last major cold phase of the Ice Age, about 20,000 years ago, mamrnoths became extinct here.
Although the giant Irish deer (Megaloceros giganteus) first appearedjaround the same time as the mammoth, this animal is especially associated with a warm period about 12,000 years ago. The male of the species was about 2 metres tall at the shoulder with huge antlers. Since the antlers were discarded and re-grown every year, the animal had to eat large quantities
of calcium-rich vegetation to sustain itself.

Products



FDC

The first day cover, which features the now extinct male arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) in summer coat, is also by Finbarr OConnor.

Mini Sheet

 


References:
Inside text of FDC

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Latest update 09.12.2012

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