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United Kingdom 1999 "Scientists' Tale"
|ID||Michel: 1819-1822 Scott: 1867-1820 Stanley Gibbons: 2103-2106 Yvert: 2122 -2125 UPU: N/A Category: pF|
|Author||Mark Curtis, Ray Harris Ching, Colin Gray|
|Stamps in set||4|
|Value||19p - discovery of the
structure of DNA by the Cambridge biologists Francis Crick (designed by
26p - "Darwin's theory" (designed by Ray Harris Ching)
44p - "Faraday's Electricity" (designed by photographer Colin Gray )
64p - a tribute to Isaac Newton and shows a photograph taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.
|Size (width x height)||37x35mm|
|Layout||100 stamps per sheet|
|Products||FDC x 1 MC PP x1|
|Paper||phosphor bras as appropriated, GUM: PVR|
|Printed by||The House of Questa, Byfleet KT14 7JL|
|Issuing Authority||Royal Mail of Great Britain|
The achievements of Britain's greatest scientists are being commemorated by a set of stamps issues in August 1999. Isaac Newton, Michael Faraday, Charles Darwin and the biologists Crick and Watson are the inspiration for the Scientists' Tale collection - part of the Royal Mail's Millennium Collection marking 1,000 years of British achievements.
Understanding the great complexities of nature has intrigued scientists for centuries.
64p stamp is a tribute to Isaac Newton and shows a photograph taken by the
The 64p stamp is a tribute to Isaac Newton and shows a photograph taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.
planets to a single law of nature which could predict their position in future. In the mere ten generations since Newton's time the scientific project has gained momentum and success in expaining the workings of life and the universe, from human evolution to the shape a fern adopts as it grows, from how galaxies form to the symmetry of a snowflake crystal Albert Einstein thought Newton the greatest scientist who had ever lived. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was responsible for major advances in fields as diverse as mathematics, physics and optics. He formulated the laws of gravity to explain the positions of heavenly bodies, and he perfected the reflecting telescope to observe them more clearly. Newton proved that comets were part of nature, not portents of divine disapproval. The impact of Newton's discoveries extended beyond the scientific world. The poet Keats berated him for explaining a rainbow and lessening its mystery. Yet a thriving market developed for scientific explanation, and for popular books which non-scientists could understand.
Museums of natural history, public scientific lectures and societies
of enthusiastic amateurs were inaugurated. In 1799 the Royal Institution was
founded improve life for everybody. It presided over a golden age.
The photographer Colin Gray designed the 44p stamp, "Faraday's
Electricity," dedicated to the pioneering researcher.
The photographer Colin Gray designed the 44p stamp, "Faraday's Electricity," dedicated to the pioneering researcher.
Humphry Davy was a brilliant chemist and lecturer there, and in his audience one day in 1812 was a bookbinder’s apprentice called Michael Faraday. He became Davy’s assistant and was later to succeed him to the Chair of Chemistry at the Royal Institution. Faraday, one of the first of the modern scientists, discovered the principles of the electric motor and generator. Importantly, he also hit upon the notion of a ‘field of force’ to account for the principles, a concept that is used today to explain what holds everything together — from the particles inside an atom to the entire universe. Faraday inaugurated the Royal Institution Christmas Lectures for young people, which are still popular today. Awareness of science is also high when the subject is controversial,as when Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species (1859), claimed to be second only to the Bible in terms of its i
The 26p First Class stamp, "Darwin's theory", was designed by the wildlife artist Ray Harris Ching. A bird stands next to a limestone fossil of Archaeopteryx, the first known bird, from which it evolved.
mpact. Darwin (1809-82) explained how evolution worked and built on observations he made as a naturalist on the survey ship HMS Beagle in the 18305. The Beagle's five-year journey around the Pacific provided Darwin with some of the material and insights he needed to construct a tree of life showing how complex creatures arose from simpler ones. Radically, Darwin included humans in his theory. The book embroiled Darwin in controversy, particularly with the religious establishment, but by the 1870s his views were increasingly accepted.
The breakthrough discovery of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the molecule that carries information from one cell to another, is frequently cited as the discovery of our century. At the Cavendish Laborato
The inspiration for the 19p stamp, designed by Mark Curtis, is the1953 discovery of the structure of DNA by the Cambridge biologists Francis Crick and James Watson - for which they shared the Nobel Prize.
Scientists have shaped the way
we think about the world. Indeed, they have largely created the modern
Scientists ask questions to find out how nature works - from the inner world of minute particles and our genes to the outer
realm of the entire universe. As science progresses from one: generation to the next, the level of this questioning becomes
more insistent and comprehensive. Newton himself noted that his great achievements were possible only because he could stand on the shoulders giants and pygmies’. Before and since Newton, great British scientists have contributed to a greater understanding of nature; but all discoveries are related to insights and data provided by others. Indeed, science today is an international, collaborative venture,
and the work of countless individuals and groups in the background can be as important as the breakthrough of an outstanding ‘giant’.
An exhibition of the original artwork used in the stamps, along with the other 12 "tales" which make up the Millennium Collection, has opened at the British Library in London in August 1999.An array of related historical artefacts is also on display. These include an original letter by Newton explaining his theory of gravity and a copy of his 1687 work "Principia Mathematica".
Some Private FDC issues
Special postmarks announced for the Day of Issue.
Official post marks.
Another (private) post marks
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Latest update 04.11.2012
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