On January 14, 2016 Post
Authority of Sweden issued a set of 5 stamps: Animals and plants from
the Palace of Nature". Stamps issued in a booklet of 10.
Swedish Museum of Natural History
centennial in the building that is sometimes called the Palace of
Nature. It is home to the outcome of the curiosity and thirst for
knowledge demonstrated by men and women throughout the years.
The decision to construct the building that would house the Swedish Museum of Natural History
in Frescati (Inspired by his trip to Italy in the 1780s, King Gustaf
III named several areas in northern Stockholm after places in Italy) in
northern Stockholm was made in 1901. The idea was that Frescati would
become a center of science, and the museum a jewel in the crown of the
Royal Swedish Academy. The museum and several other buildings were
constructed over the period 1907–1916 based on drawings by architect
Axel Anderberg, who also designed the Royal Swedish Academy’s building.
The museum’s main building was built to be a monument and has its roots
in the Baroque period as well as powerful, geometric Art Nouveau. The
facades were dressed in dark red brick. The wings that extend from the
main building were initially home to the museum’s departments at that
time, zoology, paleontology
and geology. The botanical department was given a separate building. In
its early days, the museum did not have electric lighting and the
buildings were therefore equipped with large, tall windows to allow
daylight to shine on the exhibitions. Over the years, the Swedish
Museum of Natural History has been expanded via underground chambers to
store its extensive collections. Cosmonova, the museum’s combined
planetarium and domed movie theater, was opened in 1992 in a separate
building connected to the main building.
museum is Sweden’s largest, and it contains more than ten million
fossils, animals, plants, fungi and minerals. The stamp motifs depict a
representative sample from the collections.
The newly hatched dinosaur, a Maiasaura,
is a reconstruction of a 75 million-year-old fossil found in the USA.
Fossils from the nest and eggs were also found at the site. In the
background is today’s royal fern (Osmunda regalis), a plant that has
more or less remained the same since the dinosaurs roamed the Earth.
The evolution of flowers has been mapped by the museum’s own
researchers. This flower is an 80 million-year-old fossil that was
found in Skåne and named after Queen Silvia (Silvianthemum
suecicum). With the flower are shown highly magnified pollen grains
from the dandelion, masur birch and amaranth.
at the Swedish Museum of Natural History were the first in the world to
map the mammoth’s
entire heritage, thanks to the discovery of a Siberian mammoth.
However, the mystery behind why the mammoth as a species died out
approximately 4,000 years ago has still not been fully explained.
This fetus of a quagga
(Equus quagga quagga) was brought home from South Africa in 1775 by
Anders Sparrman, one of Linné’s students. The fetus is invaluable
since the quagga, which is a relative of the zebra, is extinct today.
The motif also depicts the museum’s large dome, which the visitor can
see from the entrance hall.
predaceous diving beetle (Hydroporus figuratus) was described in
1826 by Leonard Gyllenhaal, insect researcher and student of Linné.
Other researchers believed that Gyllenhaal’s discovery was simply a
known beetle with different coloring, but more recent DNA research has
shown that it is its own species. In the background is a diatom.