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Hungary  2016 "Hungary’s Geological Treasures"

Issue Date 23.02.2016
ID Michel:  Scott:  Stanley Gibbons:  Yvert:   UPU:   Category: pF
Designer Jakša Vlahović,  BA, Graphic Artist
Kálmán Székely with support of  Hungarian Natural
History Museum
Stamps in set 3
Value HUF 115 -  Daphnogene polymorpha
HUF 145 - Raskyavetusta 
HUF 600 -  Glyptostrobus europaeus
Size (width x height) 40mm x 30 mm, block size 90mm x 60mm
Layout Sheets of 50 and a block of 1 stamp
Products FDC x2
Paper gummed postage stamp paper
Print Technique Offset
Printed by Pénzjegynyomda Zrt.
Quantity 200,000 stamp sets, 80,000 blocks
Issuing Authority Magyar Posta
Plant fossils on stamps of Hungary 2016

On June 8, 2016  Hungarian Post Authority (Magyar Posta ) issued the set of two stamps and a block stamp on the theme of Hungary’s geological treasures. Face value of these stamps are:: HUF 115 (domestic non-priority standard letter or postcard); HUF 145 (domestic priority standard letter or postcard); HUF 600 (domestic priority letter up to 500 g)

The design of the  block features Late Miocene swamp cypresses from Bükkábrány, while the fossil of a member of  the laurel family from Ipolytarnóc and Early Oligocene plants from Óbuda appear on the denominations of the set. The latter shows a specimen of the fossil species Raskya  vetusta  in  honour  of  the  eminent  Hungarian  palaeobotanist  Dr  Klára Rásky  (1908-1971).  An  interesting  aspect  of  the  designs  is  that  the  graphic  artist

Kálmán  Székely  set  the  finds  in  their  imagined  original  environments. The fossilized remains of a swamp cypress forest were found 60 metres below the ground in an open-cast  lignite  mine  near  Bükkábrány  in  Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén  county  in  July  2007.  It  is thought that this area was a swamp cypress forest on the northern shore of the Pannonian Sea in the  Late Miocene about 7 to 8 million years ago. The cypresses were 30 to 40 metres high. A sudden sandstorm or mudflow may have caused the trees to die, covering the lower part of their trunks to a height of 6 metres which preserved them.

The  Ipolytarnóc  Fossils  Nature  Conservation  Area  is  a  world  renowned  early  Miocene  palaeontological  site  and  a  European  protected  area,  which  was  buried  in  a  volcanic catastrophe similar to Pompeii 17 million years ago. Scientific investigations in the area began in 1836 and it has been protected since 1944. Its most important fossilized remains are the shoreline layer  bearing  sharks  teeth,  the  enormous  petrified  trees  of  a  subtropical  forest,  impressions  of  plants and the footprints of animals and fossils caught in the deluge of volcanic tuff.
Tard Clay formed in the Early Oligocene came to light in Óbuda while extracting clay for brick making.  Many  varied  specimens  of  fossilized  plants  typical  of  subtropical  regions  roughly  30 million years old were discovered, demonstrating the abundance and diversity of the vegetation that once existed in the area.
The  special  cover  honours  the  palaeobotanist  Gyula  Kováts  (1815-73),  whose  collections  and work  describing  and  classifying  the  finds  laid  the  foundations  of  research  into  palaeobotany  in Hungary.  His  books  “The  Fossil  Flora  of  Erdőbénye”  and  “The  Fossil  Flora  of  Tállya”  were published in 1856, establishing palaeobotany in Hungary.


FDC  (reverse side is here), clean and postal used
Plant fossils on FDC of Hungary 2016 Plant fossils on FDC of Hungary 2016
Plant fossils on FDC of Hungary 2016 Plant fossils on FDC of Hungary 2016


References: Hungarian Post: online, PDF


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