List of Professional Antropologist on philatelic items: stamps, covers, postmarks etc.
Abbe (Henri) Breuil
Henri Edouard Prosper Breuil, often
referred to as Abbe Breuil, was a French archaeologist, anthropologist,
ethnologist and geologist. He is noted for his studies of cave art in
the Somme and Dordogne valleys as well as in Spain, Portugal, Italy,
Ireland, China with Teilhard de Chardin, Ethiopia, Somaliland and
especially Southern Africa.
Australian-born South African palaeontologist and anthropologist who in 1924 discovered
the first fossil remains of the australopithecenes, early hominids,
near Taungs in Botswana.
Dart named them Australopithecus africanus, and
spent many years trying to prove that they were early humans rather
than apes. Austalopithecus
africanus was first discovered by Raymond Dart in 1925. He found a
beautifully preserved skull of a juvenile, three to four years old.
This skull, commonly known as the Taung Child, for Taung South Africa
where it was found, is perhaps the best preserved fossil of A.
africanus known. Australopithecus
africanus has a somewhat dish shaped facial structure with teeth that
are relatively large compared to modern humans. While it has larger
front teeth compared to the back the emphasis is on back tooth
grinding. As a result, a sagital crest is present on males for the
attachment of large muscles.This
creature is rather lightly built and has a small cranial capacity of
about 440 cc on the average. It first appeared approximately 2.5
million years ago and had a rather short 1 million year
Many anthropologists believe that A. africanus belongs on the line that
leads to Homo.
In 1881,Ales Hrdlicka immigrated with his family to the United States from Humpolec, Bohemia
(presently located in the southern part of the Czech republic).
After receiving his medical
degree in New York in 1892, his interests gradually shifted from the
biological basis of abnormal behavior to normal human variation and
evolution. In 1903, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution
in Washington D.C. and conducted research in physical anthropology
there until his retirement in 1942 and death in 1943.
Hrdlicka is widely recognized as an early pioneer in the development of
American physical anthropology. His work can be
traced to much of the current academic activity in physical anthropology at the Smithsonian
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Leakey family found more fossils of this type
and of related types in the Olduvai Gorge of E Africa, establishing
that Australopithecines were hominids, walked erect, made tools, and
lived as early as 5.5 million years ago.
After further discoveries in the 1980s, they are today classified as Homo
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