On January 22, 2016
(first time since 2005
Post Authority of Romania: Romfila issued as et of 4 stamps depicted
some prehistoric animals who lived
million years ago, on the territory that is today Tara Hategului.
It was part of a tropical island in the Tethys Ocean, the
separating Eurasia from Gondwana, following the fragmentation of the
single continent, Pangaea. The island was populated by an exotic
association of prehistoric animals, whose remains are today preserved
in the rocks of the Tara Hategului. Here were discovered numerous sites
with bones of crocodiles, turtles, mammals, flying reptiles, birds and
a large number of fossils of dwarf
herbivores and carnivores, unique in the world, together with nests of
dinosaur eggs. Lack of permanent links of the island with the mainland
areas determined, in time, the adaptation of the dinosaurs size to a
small space and smaller quantities of food. The dinosaurs that lived
here were smaller than those on the mainland, being known in the
scientific world as the dwarf
dinosaurs of Transylvania
. This phenomenon has been termed
as insular dwarfism and could also be observed in other types of
Geopark - Tara Hategului
is an area of research, education and sustainable development,
committed to preserving the geological, natural and cultural heritage,
and strengthening the identity of local communities. It is a natural
park and a UNESCO Global Geopark, managed by the University of
Bucharest, and member of the European Geoparks Network and the Global
Geoparks Network supported by UNESCO.
The postage stamp issue
presents prehistoric animals whose fossils were discovered in Tara
Hategului and which are important elements in building a Museum of
Transylvanian Dinosaurs and the Geoparks development.
illustrated on the postage stamp with the face value of lei 2.00, was a
predator dinosaur, having a body length of 1.80 - 2 m, covered with
feathers. This predator had a powerful torso and very solid hind limbs
with two sickle claws, while the forelimbs were more elongated and
equipped with only two functional fingers.
was a primitive crocodile that lived in Hateg about 70 million years
ago. Theriosuchus was a real living fossil - it was part of a family
whose members had already disappeared in other parts of Europe millions
of years earlier. This one is illustrated on the postage stamp with the
face value of lei 3.00.
illustrated on the postage stamp with the face value of lei 3.30, was a
herbivorous dinosaur with a length of 7 m and a height of 3 - 4 m, one
of the largest prehistoric animals from the Hateg area. It weighed 800
- 900 kg. It walked on four legs, having a very long neck and tail. Kogaionon ungureanui
is illustrated on the postage stamp with the face value of lei 14.50.
It was a small mammal, described and known only in Tara Hategului. From
it, a complete skull was kept, which is extremely rare in mammals
during the late Cretaceous.