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Issue Date 05.03.1966
ID Michel: 1655-1663 Scott.1395-1403 Stanley Gibbons: 1639-1647Yvert: 1506-1514  UPU: N/A Category: pR
Author Andrew Heindrich
Stamps in set 9
Value 20 gr    Dinichthys
30 gr    Eusthenopteron
40 gr    Ichthyostega
50 gr    Mastodonsaurus
60 gr    Cynognathus
2.50 zl  Archaeopteryx
3.40 zl  Broutotherium 
6.50 zl 
5.60 zl  Mammuthuss
Size (width x height) 39,5 X 51 mm / 51 x 39,5 mm
Products FDC x 4   
Paper coated paper
Perforation 11x11,5
Print Technique Offset
Printed by
Quantity 20 gr 8 (Milion, 30 gr 6 minim',
40 gr 6.5 million, 50 gr 4.5 million,
60 gr 6 million, zl   2.50 2.5 million,
zl 3.40 2.5 million, zl   6.50 1.4 miniom
zl   7.10 1.4 million.
Issuing Authority Poczta Polska

In March 1966 the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunication  issued multicoloured set consisting of nine stamps representing fossil animals vertebratae. These stamps shows major stages of vertebratae animal evolution, starts on Devonian fish Dinichthys, through first, primitive amphibian till well recognized Mammuthuss. This set is issued just one year after since the first Polnish stamps depicted dinosaurs are printed out and two years before Polnish Paleontologist start dig into Gobi desert together with their Mongolian colleagues. During several common Polish-Mongolian expeditions many dinosaurs fossils are found, some of them are on show in museums in Poland and even depict on stamps issued in 2000. Illustrations of famous Czechoslovakian painter Zdenek Burian are issued for these stamps.   

Dinichthys,  a Devonian fish  of group Arthroctlra (Gnathostornata) that lived in salt seas 380 million years ago.  She was predator and quite large: 1 meter head and trunk about 5 feet long. Remains of this fish are also known from and Devonian sediments of Poland

Eusthenopteron,  a Devonian fish of group Crossopterygia that lived in shallow fresh walem 370 years ago, and probably was the ancestor of first primitive terrestrian, amphibians.  A characteristic feature of this fish are strong, fleshy fins reinforced with bone skeleton.

Ichthyostega, a primitive amphibian stili retaining some features of fishes. It lived about 355 million aears ago in Upper Devonian
Mastodonsaurus,  the biggest amphibian of the Triassic period (about 200 million years ago) of group Steoocephatia, measuring about 3 meter together with its head (1m about).
    Its probably the first reptilie who leaved on land. Remains of Mastodonsaurus found in Central Europe: Germany and Czechoslovakia
Cynognathus, a Triassic reptile that lived about 220 million years ago. The animal was a predator and belongs to group of so-called mammal-like reptiles (Theromorpha). Its body was up to 2 meter long. Cynognathusa remains are found in the Karroo formation in South Africa.
Archaeopteryx   the first ancestor of brids in Upper Jurassic (about 140 million years ago). Its remains found at  lithographic limestone by Solenhofen (Bavaria - Germany). It resembled birds in having wings and feathers, while its teeth, tail and skuli showed it was still a reptile It was not actively flying a sbird, but climbed on a tree by using a sharp claws of the forepaws (wings) and haggard figure was falling to the ground glide. Has a size more or less equal to today's pigeon and was an predator who eat some insects, worms, fruits and seeds.
Broutotherium   a huge Perissodactyla  of Titanotheridae group lived about 30 million years ago. It combined features of an elephant (pillar-like  legs) and of a rhinoceros (body structure).
 Inhabited the steppes of eastern North America and Asia (Mongolia). His remains were known and are also in Europe.
Machairodus,  one of the sabze-toothed tigers, one of the most rapacious representatives of feline family living in the Tertiary, about 10 million years ago.
He lived in Europe, Asia and northern Africa during the Miocene and Pliocene periods. His kinsman is American Smilodon.  Machairodus extinct early in the ice age, and his remains were found are also in Poland.
Mammuthus,  one of the commonest representatives of the fauna of glacial period (Pleistocene - about 100-50 thousand years ago).  Lived in the northern areas of Europe, Asia and North America. His remains are Numerous and Poland. His skeletons are on show in all major museums in the world
 (in Poland - at the Museum of the Polish Geological Institute in Warsaw).  Its contemporary cave man hunted it, and drew its pictures on the walls of the caves.

Descriptions of animals served under development by Dr. Andrew Sulimskiego.

Note: The text above is original stamp description from 1966, might be obsolete. 






Used on covers





References:   Filatelista Magazin Nr 5(248) dual language magazin: Polnish/English 


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