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Poland 1965 "PREHISTORIC ANIMALS"

Issue Date 05.03.1965
ID Michel: 1570-1579  Scott1307-1316. Stanley Gibbons: 1549-1558  Yvert: 1423-1432 UPU: N/A Category: pR
Author A. Heindrich
Stamps in set 10
Value 20 gr    Edaphosaurus,
30 gr    Cryptoclidus,
40 gr    Brontosaurus,
60 gr    Mesosaurus,
90 gr    Stegosaurus,
1.15 zl  Brachiosaurus,
1.35 zl  Styracosaurus,
3.40 zl 
Corythosaurus,
5.60 zl  Rhamphorhynchus,
6.50 zl  Tyrannosaurus
Size (width x height) 39,5 X 51 mm / 51 x 39,5 mm
Layout 10 stamps in sheet
Products FDC x 4   MS x 10
Paper coated paper
Perforation 11x11,5
Print Technique Offset
Printed by
Quantity 20 gr (8,5. mln), 40 gr (8 mln), 90 gr (5,5 mln), 1.35 zl
(4 mln), 6.50 al (1,41 mln) , 30 gr (6,5 mln), 60 gr (8 mln),
1.15 zl (4,5 mln), 3.40 z1 (3 mln), 5.60 al (1,41 mln)
Issuing Authority Poczta Polska

Paleontology is a science which due to its research of fossils and prints on them introduces us in the fascinating and mysterious world of the prehistorical flora and fauna. The Polish Post having in rnind the popularization of the results and discoveries of the paleontologists will issue in March  1965  a set of 10 stamps "Prehistorical Animals". Stamps are based on pictures of Zdenek Burian, Czech painter and book illustrator whose work played a central role in the development of palaeontological reconstructions during a remarkable career spanning five decades. Originally recognised only in his native Czechoslovakia, Burian's fame later spread to an international audience, and a number of artists later attempted to emulate his style. He is regarded by many as the most influential palaeo-artist of the modern era.

The 20 gr stamp represents a reptile EDAPHOSAURUS living in the Permian--Carboniferous period.

The camivorous plesiosaur CRYPTOCLEIDUS represented on the 30 gr stamp lived fishing in the ocean in the Mesozoic era. Its body was flat, 5 meter long, covered with a smoth skin. It had four fin-like extremities and a short tail, used as a rudder. A small head with a pair of strong jaws placed on a long and versatile neck facilitated gaining of food.

The  40  gr stamp acquaints us with the most popular and known specimen of the dinosaur group BRONTOSAURUS. It lived on the marshes of North America in the Jarassic period some 150 million years ago. It fed on plants. lis body was 18 meter long, weighed 20 ton, period of growing up was 200 years. It was like all vegetable-feeding giants, flegmatic and meek. Having no armour and being feebly teethed, it had as only rescue againts the rapacious reptiles the Melit in the water.
MESOSAURUS represented on the 60 gr stamp lived in the Permian period in the ocean of the southern hemisphere. Its body was not longer than 70 cm. It had a long beak-like mouth with a real collection of needle sharp teeth. Owing to the long shape of its body, long tail and four paws with 5 fingers joined by a fin-like membran it was a marvellous swimmer and a real dread for fishes, which were its food.
On the 90 gr stamp we will find the Jurassie STEGOSAURUS. With its strong armour it is lilce a real tank among fossil reptiles. it lived in North America, feeding itself on plants. It was not dangerous. Its 9 meter long body moved with dificulty on two pair of paws. The short neck did not permit to reach for food placed in higher places. It was sheltered against the danger with an armour, and had for its defense a strong tail with prickles.
The 1.15 zl   stamp represents BRACHIOSAURUS, living on the breach of the Jurrassic and Cretaceous periods in the waters of America and North Africa. This reptile with a smali head and long neck had a powerful body on four strong legs and a very strong tail. Measurements of the body: from head to tail 22 meter, neck 9 m, height 12 m. It lived on the land as well as under the water. (*)
STYRACOSAURUS represented on the 1.35 zl stamp is a dinosaur very similar in exterior apperance to the present rhinoceres. It lived in the Cretaceous period in North America. Its powerful head and neck were covered with an armour and several big horns, one of them fixed on the noce of the animal was 50 cm long. In the fight it was not be beaten.
CORYTHOSAURUS represented on the 3.40 zl  stamp is a dinosaur looking like a kangaroo. The 10 m long body moved on a strongly developed pair of hinder legs and a long tail. The front legs were very weak. It lived in the Cretaceous period on territories rich in water and plants, probably on the entire globe.
RHAMPHORHYNCHUS represented on the 5.60 zl stamp lived in the Jurassic period. The skeleton of this strange flying reptile was found in the Jurassic beds in Bavaria (Germany) and some remnants in Africa. The span of the "wings" was 80 cm. The long beak-mouth was strongly teethed. Fishes and insects were its food. A specific chararoteristic of this animal was its long tail facilitating steerage in plunging and flying.
The last stamp of the set for 6.50 zl   represents a predaceous TYRANNOSAURUS, 14 m long and 5 m tall, living in the Cretaceous period. Its mouth 1 m long with powerful jaws and sharp strong teeth are the best proof of its carnivorous mode of life. Its strong hind lega and a long tail supported the big heavy body of the monster. The pair of undevelopecl front legs was without significance. It hunted even the biggest dinosaurus. .


Note: The text above is original stamp description from 1965, might be obsolete. 

 

 

 

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Acknowledgement :

   Many thanks to  Katarzyna Gonet from Poland , for her help to find an information about these stamps


References:   Filatelista Magazin Nr 1(220)
 dual language magazin: Polnish/English 

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Latest update 27.11.2012

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