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Czech 2009 "Personalities"
Issue Date 02.01.2009 ID Michel: 584-585 Scott: Stanley Gibbons: Yvert: UPU: CZ002.09 Category: Dw Author Graphic designer: Pavel Dvorský
Engraver: Jaroslav Tvrdon
Stamps in set 2 Value 10 Czk Louis Braille
12 Czk Charles Darwin
Size (width x height) 40 mm x 23 mm Layout 50 stamps in Sheet Products FDC x2 Paper Perforation 11.5 x 11.5 Print Technique Darwin: RK - rotary recess print in black combined with photogravure in dark blue, yellow, pink and blue (impression 800 tis.)
Braille: RK (impression 1 mil.)
Printed by Post Printing House Quantity Issuing Authority Czech Post
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) Louis Braille (1809-1852)
As a fresh Cambridge graduate in theology, the British naturalist and founder of evolutionary biology C.R. Darwin set out for a five-year voyage around the world. Most of the time he examined geological phenomena, fossils as well as living organisms on the coast, met aborigines and immigrants. He used a methodological way of collecting and describing huge amount of samples, many of which were unknown to the scientific community. The stay at the Galapagos Islands turned to be the most essential one. On his return home Darwin became a recognized, financially independent scientist who developed his evolutionary theory of natural and sexual selection. He was fully aware of the likely reaction to his theory. His book, On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection, published in 1859, outlining a transmutation of organisms from common ancestors and presenting it as a complete scientific theory of natural evolution. Darwin continued his research and published a series of books on plants and animals including man (Variation of Plants and Animals Under Domestication, 1868, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 1871). The postage stamp commemorates the 200th anniversary of birth of Darwin.
L. Braille invented a reading and writing system for the blind, the so-called Braille code. He was born in France, in the township Coupvray near Paris. At the age of three he injured his eye with a bodkin in his father's workshop; the eye became infected and after the infection affected also the other eye, he lost his sight. At the age of ten he became a student at the Royal Institute for the Blind Youth in Paris. The students learnt a system of raised letters read by touch; however, they could not write. When Braille was thirteen, he invented a system of embossed (raised) dots. He was inspired by an old military system of writing at night-time allowing the soldiers to receive orders even in darkness. Braille worked out the system, based on twelve dots, by reducing it to only six dots. His first book for the blind was published in 1829. In 1837 he improved the writing system by adding signs for writing mathematical symbols and music. He was a lifetime teacher at the Royal Institute for the Blind Youth. The stamp commemorates the 200th anniversary of birth of this ingenious author of letters for the blind.
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)
Louis Braille (1809-1852)
References: Czech Post
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Latest update 18.11.2012
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